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American bandmaster John Philip Sousa, who composed 136 military marches, was born.
ohn Philip Sousa, byname The March King, (born November 6, 1854, Washington, D.C., U.S.—died March 6, 1932, Reading, Pennsylvania), American bandmaster and composer of military marches.
The son of an immigrant Portuguese father and a German mother, Sousa grew up in Washington, D.C., where from the age of six he learned to play the violin and later various band instruments and studied harmony and musical theory first with John Esputa and then with George Felix Benkert. In 1867 he began to follow the career of his father as a trombonist, but later he took engagements as an orchestral violinist and served as a conductor. He also began composing.
In 1868 he enlisted in the U.S. Marine Corps as an apprentice in the Marine Band. He began building his formidable reputation as a bandmaster of great precision through his leadership (1880–92) of this group, which he raised to the highest standard of performance. In 1892 he formed his own band, a carefully selected group capable of equal virtuosity in both military and symphonic music; with it he toured the United States and Europe (1900–05) and finally made a world tour (1910–11).
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Featured BiographyMaria Shriver
American television journalist
Maria Shriver, (born November 6, 1955, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.), first lady of California (2003–11) and American television journalist best known as a reporter for the NBC (National Broadcasting Company) program Dateline and as the host of First Person with Maria Shriver, an interview-based program featuring public figures.
Shriver was born into a politically prominent family as the daughter of diplomat Sargent Shriver and Eunice Kennedy, a sister of Pres. John F. Kennedy. In 1977, after earning a B.A. in American studies from Georgetown University, she began her career in television journalism as a writer and producer for station KYW in Philadelphia. She advanced rapidly in her career, becoming a writer and producer for the Baltimore, Maryland, show Evening Magazine in 1978 and a national news correspondent for CBS in 1983. She was soon named coanchor of CBS Morning News, where she remained for three years. In 1986 she left CBS for NBC, where she was a news correspondent and the anchor of the young-adult television newsmagazine Main Street. That year she also married actor Arnold Schwarzenegger. From 1987 to 1990, Shriver coanchored the Sunday edition of the NBC news program Today. She worked as a correspondent for Dateline from 1989 until 2004, when she resigned because of conflicts of interest that arose after her husband became governor of California (2003–11). In 2013 she returned to NBC.
In addition to her news reporting, Shriver authored numerous children’s books and, as the first lady of California, was heavily involved in charity and volunteer work. In May 2011 Shriver and Schwarzenegger announced that they were separating; a few days later it was revealed that he had fathered a child with a woman who had worked in the household staff. Shriver subsequently filed for divorce.
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