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INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*.

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INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. Empty INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*.

Post by Paul Mon 08 Jan 2024, 9:59 am

The History of Transportation



INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 60e44ca0c95d4f05c850ce8284de9744
Photo Courtesy: [Darren Wilkinson/Wikimedia Commons]
Throughout history, humans have had the urge to explore. Realizing that traveling afoot can only take someone so far, an evolution of travel began to take place thousands and thousands of years ago. With Joseph Nicephore Niepce taking the first well-known photograph in 1814, society has been able to better capture those glimpses of ingenuity and transformations in technology ever since. 

Scientists and curious thinkers have come to embrace all aspects of the environment when considering travel. Whether it be via land, water, or air, the technology of transportation has grown rapidly throughout the millenniums.





Starting off on Foot


Around seven million years ago, humans began to develop on the Earth timeline. Whether they evolved from ape-like creatures or were put on Earth, they have been utilizing their bodies to walk amongst the other wildlife since their development. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 867fe6a91d68d0076b66557212d332d3
Photo Courtesy: [Dr d12/Wikimedia Commons]


Walking on foot is a method that almost never fails and in most cases, is always there! Humans' bodies allow them to walk, swim, and run, among other actions to get where they need to go. Discovering rich land, resources, and other people developed into the want of getting somewhere faster and more efficiently. 


Animals


Since the dawn of time, creatures have lived on Earth, whether it be bacteria, plants, or mammals (among others). Some of the most popular organisms to use for travel depend on where people were at in the world and their climate and environment. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 76a7c07a7f60466768a399698aa974c2
Photo Courtesy: [Nithisha Nantha Kumar/Wikimedia Commons]


Horses, camels, yaks, and elephants are only a few of the species that humans have employed to carry out their travels before the wheel was even invented. A myriad of the animals were used for other types of labor too, such as agriculture. For the most part, the animals would carry large loads of materials or wagons for people when they wanted to travel or trade. 


Wheeled Carts 


The wheel was one of the most impactful inventions of them all. It led to hundreds of other types of transportation for humans including automobiles and bicycles. The idea of the wheel was implemented around 3500 BC.


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. Ee62ce9f5f1513fce587abc3f0f47ec6
Photo Courtesy: [Petar Milošević/Wikimedia Commons]


Some say the wheel originated in the Ljubljana Marshes, with the location presenting convincing historical evidence (pictured above). These swampy, biodiverse areas are located around present-day Slovenia (close to Austria and Croatia). 


Types of Boats


Pictured below is a depiction of a wall painting found in Egypt. This art has been dated back to 1450 BCE and is preserved by the National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Boats were essential for bringing goods (food, fabrics, natural resources) and the ancient Egyptians worked together to travel efficiently. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. A0c44473c4ba9fd74643b8365bc12055
Photo Courtesy: [Jonathunder/Wikimedia Commons]


Most civilizations developed around substantial water resources such as the Nile River, leading them to experiment with technologies for the water. Boats have and still continue to evolve as humans discover easier and safer ways to travel via this mechanism. 


Importance of the Compass


The Chinese turned the principles of magnetism into what we now know as the compass in the 11th century. It gave direction to their travels amongst the vast and diverse landscape. About a century later, Europeans and other parts of the world started developing and using this travel tool as well. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 0cb0f76167b6541806a522406c30520c
Photo Courtesy: [Shyamal/Wikimedia Commons]


This device revolutionized travel because it became easier to navigate when the cardinal directions were invented and implemented into this piece of technology. Routes and markets were easier to find with the compass, therefore speeding up industrialization and societies. 


From Aerial Screws to Helicopters 


In the 1480s the talented renaissance man, Leonardo da Vinci, sketched the aerial screw, which turned into the concept behind how helicopters would work. Helicopters were then later invented in 1907, but it took a few additional decades before it was developed to a somewhat safe level. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 5e3d0bf292aa5763e6d147a863662504
Photo Courtesy: [Leonardo da Vinci/Wikimedia Commons]


An old Chinese toy crafted from bamboo also inspired Western scientists to push the idea of how devices like this could work. The airplane had been invented just a few years before the helicopter as people expanded into air travel. 


Using Transportation to Save Lives


Ambulances have been a significant contribution to society. Whether it be everyday life or war, this vehicle used in the medical field has saved millions of lives even before the automobile was invented. Historians have traced back the use of them to Spain in the year 1487.


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. E102a884582e7858cc60039bc4cb3665
Photo Courtesy: [George Pell/New York Public Library]


Pictured above is an ambulance from 1861-1871. Whether they were pulled by horses or eventually motorized, ambulances made their way across roads and war zones with medical staff aboard to care for the sick and wounded.


Traveling under Water


In the 17th century, Cornelis Drebbel is known as one of the main people who invented the submarine. Although, all good ideas start with a plan, and a British mathematician in 1578 was known to have made the blueprints for this transportation method. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. Ed11da71472f3cbca3fbb2f5f1181ca8
Photo Courtesy: [History of Submarines/Wikimedia Commons]


The concept of a device such as a submarine is illustrated above by a 16th-century Islamic painting of Alexander the Great being lowered into the seas in a glass capsule. This shows how people were thinking of this way of traveling and experiencing the unknown for hundreds of years.  


Society and Building Boats


For thousands and thousands of years, populations of humans have been constructing boats to travel massive aqua landscapes for multiple purposes. More complex models of boats arose over time to better travel. One of the most impactful adventures made via boat was in 1620. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. B6f9d57ee63c86b61846e2db5d4bf80a
Photo Courtesy: [W.F. Halsall/Library of Congress]


Depicted above, the Mayflower landed in Plymouth Harbor, which was a fresh unindustrialized piece of land that became the United States. The idea of being able to travel on such a powerful and giant Earth resource had an influence on many people as they discovered 'new worlds'. 


Pirating the Seas 


With more complex boat blueprints arising and being developed, pirate ships made their way to the seas. People were constructing these types of transportation as early as 1300 BC. Pirate ships continue to be constructed and destroyed.


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 6c6d3e41380c92996056443e943c417f
Photo Courtesy: [Jason Blackeye/Unsplash]


As pirates, better known as criminals, robbed and provoked violence via the water for thousands of years, many boats have sunk to the depths of the oceans. The ruins from the San Jose, a ship taken down in 1696 on the coast of Columbia is one of the most famous cases of pirating. It is a more commonly known pirate artifact due to the abundance of treasure found in it.


The History of the Road


Egyptians are known to be the developer of the road at around 2600 BC on the transportation timeline. These pathways to make transportation easier were made of stone, gravel, and wood. At around 625 BC, Romans are known to have started using asphalt to construct roads. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. C821d5d755f45a27bdf987ad5e9ecd12
Photo Courtesy: [Yogendra Joshi/Wikimedia Commons]


More modernly, with the discovery of the bituminous rock in the Swiss mountains (1712) and then other parts of the world, asphalt was developed to pave roads such as turnpikes and highways. Road signs came about in 1794 and are often yellow because it is one of the light wavelengths that humans are most sensitive to. 


Chariots Were Built across the World


Once the wheel took hold, the world began using it consistently. Pictured below is artwork by an Egyptologist, Joseph Bonomi (1796-1878), who published a book with ancient depictions in 1852. Chariots were developed soon after the wheel and became a cosmopolitan item. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 93ad6acce73a67c2e0ebdc3b17a67872
Photo Courtesy: [Joseph Bonomi/The New York Public Library]


Not only did Helios go forth in a chariot led by an even older form of transportation (animals), but so did many other figures in different mythologies and from around the world. On that note, Russia was one of the first to rule the land in chariots at around 2000 BC on the timeline. 


Hot Air Balloons Float across the Sky 


Most historians say that the hot air balloon was invented by a French man known as Pilatre De Rozier in 1783. He was educated in chemistry and physics and launched a duck, sheep, and rooster into the sky as the first takeoff.  


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 971e41c5d6aa56a93d33dd1ab3fe50a0
Photo Courtesy: [MusikAnimal/Wikimedia Commons]


His invention lasted around 15 to 20 minutes in the air until it crashed down in Paris. The human nature of curiosities led people to continue this endeavor and so numerous balloon launches took place after that. Scientists went on to improve the device to get what we have today. 


The Steamboat


Before the invention of the Clermont steamboat in 1807 (illustrated below), boats were powered by force and abiotic environmental factors such as wind. Therefore, this invention was a dynamic introduction to the history of transportation. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. Ac202adec30999144117710ae3d1b5c8
Photo Courtesy: [Charles Pensée/New York Public Library]


Now, people had more control over the boat, and it was pushed through the water with propeller-type technology with the power of steam. First, the steam-powered engine for the boat was created by James Watt in 1796, and then Robert Fulton invented the steamboat itself in 1807. 


Making way for the Trolley


A trolley is a device used to transport people and materials, and it first utilized animal power to run. Throughout the centuries, this technology has transitioned from animal power to steam and then to electric. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 947576c50306b06ab920df276208e1e8
Photo Courtesy: [Swansea and Mumbles Railway, Wales/Wikimedia Commons]


The Swansea & Mumbles Railway in Wales pictured above in 1807 was acknowledged for the invention of the trolley. It was an astonishing five and a half-mile long trail that got the people where they needed to go. 


Dandy Horses Made their way to the Streets 


British Cigarette Cards were especially popular in the 1800s, and one of their illustrations depicted below is an important artifact of history. They created the card when this technology, known as a dandy or hobby-horse, was in its prime. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. De4aa16f6c99f9e8dbdb37a208312de1
Photo Courtesy: [British Cigarette Cards, NYPL/New York Public Library]


Karl Friedrich Freiherr von Drais of Germany invented the hobby-horse in 1817, and it is a significant preface to the bicycle. This device is powered by force, and humans basically push themselves along with the two-wheeled mode of transportation and leave gravity to do some work too. 


The Power of Boat Technology


Pictured below is a painting created by J.M.W. Turner in 1818. Over the centuries people began thinking differently about boats, and how to use them most efficiently. With diligence, people have developed technology that has taken them around the world, traveling through endless bodies of water. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. A5a8ad4a84b7ec5f8846e75fe45828ef
Photo Courtesy: [Google Cultural Institute/Wikimedia Commons]


Discovering contrasting land and continents led to the development of maps and navigating devices. Concepts built on each other as humans attempted to make their ongoing adventures as smooth as possible; noticing the persistence of creating and building on to things describes why boats have such an ancient history of diversity. 


Blowing off Steam


The idea of a steam-powered engine has been around for hundreds of years, and therefore scores of people are acknowledged for this invention. Steam locomotives themselves are no different, for people were painting or sketching the concept of this idea already.  


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 72da105b8bf97719e9712701fa6362e6
Photo Courtesy: [Boiler explosion/Wikimedia Commons]


In that case, Richard Trevithick is one of the main inventors of this piece of technology. Although with creation comes chaos, and a boiler explosion is photographed above in 1850, 48 years after the steam locomotive's invention. 


Development of Funiculars


A funicular is a device used under the conditions of a steep incline. They include cable cars pulled by a cable and pulley system, allowing people to surpass the obstacle of mountains. The cables that originally pulled the cars were made out of rope. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. B86e31ce4b87d0cbeb829d18da01fec1
Photo Courtesy: [Guncina funicular/Wikimedia Commons]


Pictured above is the Guncina funicular in Bolzano, Italy around the 1850s. The beautiful ride upgraded its technology after a while to steel cables to keep passenger safety in mind. The concept and implementation of this transportation mode has been known to be used earlier than the 1500s. 


Gliding through the Sky


On the transportation timeline, air continues to be a consistent theme. With that, Sir George Cayley is said to have invented the first air glider in 1853, in cohesion with people implementing concepts before his time as well.


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 86c76470577e95d72792196088563108
Photo Courtesy: [Wright Brothers/Wikimedia Commons]


When creating the invention, Cayley was able to fly over a small valley with success. After the news of this, many people of aviation interest and scientists of different kinds began to focus on this method of transportation. 


The Pony Express 


On April 3rd, 1860 the Pony Express was invented to deliver mail from the ranges of St. Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California. Pictured below is a two-cent U.S. stamp that was created to illustrate this transportation operation. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 9236666a48d3ee1db4fa7b4ba1418cee
Photo Courtesy: [National Bank Note Company/Wikimedia Commons]


This transportation method of delivering mail, whether it is urgent or not, is frequently considered a symbol of the Old West. The Pony Express did not last an extraordinary amount of time, but it certainly left an impact on society as a whole. 


Penny Farthing


This interesting photograph was taken at the U.S. Capitol in Washington D.C. in the late 1800s. These men are riding penny farthings, which were invented in 1871 by James Starley of Britain. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 3ebce595b2657f718ae693a65bd5af00
Photo Courtesy: [Platt Brothers/Library of Congress]


One man is waiting at the top while another is making his way down the steps with his penny farthing. This technology was itching towards the evolution of the bicycle as well. The largest wheel allowed for accelerated speed and the ability to enjoy the ride. 


The Stagecoach


In 1872, the stagecoach was invented and J.C.Maggs painted the London royal coach pictured below. This is commonly a symbol associated with the West too, yet it was invented in New Hampshire. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. Acc4b128bd455c11db41fe930ab580e1
Photo Courtesy: [Bonhams/Wikimedia Commons]


J. Stephen Abbot and Lewis Downing invented this mode of transportation. Generally, stagecoaches would travel ten or more miles before resting at a specified spot to restore resources and energy.  


Last edited by Paul on Mon 08 Jan 2024, 10:02 am; edited 1 time in total
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INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. Empty Re: INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*.

Post by Paul Mon 08 Jan 2024, 10:00 am

Motorcycles


Gottlieb Daimler is associated with the invention of the motorcycle in 1885. Before his showcase, many objects have evolved to form this model. The combustion engine was the key to success in this mode of transportation. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. Ff1d8c4d02e02b097eb6330ba5e88388
Photo Courtesy: [Wladyslaw/Wikimedia Commons]


The inventor was from Germany and history shows that his son was the first to test-ride the creation. The development of this technology led to many other impactful inventions such as the automobile. 



Trains


Numerous forms of transportation involving trains also have a long history of development, whether it be for cargo or traveling passengers. The train pictured below is a model that was developed almost a century after the invention of trains. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 5aeea21bccab5c0813124a4a128c2d1e
Photo Courtesy: [Solomon D. Butcher/Library of Congress]


Photographed above are men in 1886 standing by Burlington Engine Number 120, which was the beginning of trains for Broken Bow, Nebraska. Moreover, countless times throughout history there have been awful disasters and successes with the development of transportation. 



Public Transportation


Once people achieved a certain level of knowledge in regard to transportation modes, efficiency increased and the population grew. With that, many people had to frequently go to multiple places. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 37656f0bc67e7c2a459ee7e7a9b8d817
Photo Courtesy: [Ulamm/Wikimedia Commons]


Like most modes of transportation, public transportation methods began with animals and then a cart with wheels to get people from one place to another. Ever since the development of the wheel and chariots, this has been a concept that society pursues. Photographed above is an omnibus before 1890 in Milan. 



Skiing over the Landscape


The original idea of skiing was invented around 6000 BC. Having obstacles such as massive mountains and heaping mounds of snow, humans adapted the best they could. The skiing of today's world has been said to originate possibly in more than one place. Some Chinese regions produce old wall paintings that imply the invention, along with aged parts of Scandinavia.  


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. E507e326af5e057e1ff9e813002e4dbd
Photo Courtesy: [Nasjonalbiblioteket/Wikimedia Commons]


Pictured above is the Women's Skiing Association in 1890. Once the travel barrier was overcome, like many forms of transportation, skiing became a hobby for a plethora of people as well. Over time the technology of the skis themselves altered to safer forms along with facilities and other modes of transportation to make skiing simpler. 



Bicycles 


For many years people have worked towards the most common bicycle structure, referred to as the safety bicycle (pictured below). The maturation of the bicycle and its relatives have an extensive history timeline in themselves due to the diversity of people.  


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 0e7191e2b87fdf5f046afc2f7133376e
Photo Courtesy: [Outing/Wikimedia Commons]


The visualization of the safety bicycle pictured above is the result of almost a century of alternative styles for the same idea in regard to transportation. This bicycle has been known to be officially invented in 1890. 



Going Out with the Family in a Buggy 


By 1890, it was not uncommon to go upon the roads of industrialized societies and see a horse and buggy full of friends and family, off to attend their plans for the day. Photographed below is a family in 1890 in Keene, New Hampshire with their horse-powered buggy. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. B1ec046d9e51736396cae15d7ac34174
Photo Courtesy: [Keene Public Library/Historical Society of Cheshire County]


Like the majority of transportation technology, the horse and buggy is essentially the same idea that is just built on to. Chariots were a type of horse and buggy, and in 3000 BC Iraq and Iran areas also utilized this concept. The photo above in particular refers to the style of that transportation mode at the time (1890). 



Dump Trucks


As populations grew, mounds of trash accumulated and were called to the attention of inventors to approach the problem. In 1910, the primary building block to this solution was established and evolved over time. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 17e180897eeffde67833f02d26a525cb
Photo Courtesy: [Seattle Municipal Archives/Wikimedia Commons]


Robert Mawhinney receives a considerable amount of credit for this invention that altered the societal view of transportation. The history of the dump truck shows how it brought about sanitary ways of living and employment to many. 



The Taxi System


Over time taxis have transitioned to numerous styles and technologies. Nowadays, they are seen buzzing around in cities with their yellow distinction. Although the taxi photographed below possesses quite the differences, and it illustrates the variation of thought and science with this mode of transportation. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 9ae7a4a951f86e5e122ad6fc1ab124c3
Photo Courtesy: [Herbert A. French/Library of Congress]


A familiar face in the invention world, Daimler Victoria, is the creator of the vehicle pictured above in 1897. From there on out the history of this mechanism took hold and intrigued people to evolve from what they had created, located in an already substantial transportation timeline. 



Moving via Water


The importance of natural resources and humans' interactions with them holds the main part in the history of transportation. One example of this amongst a sea of inventions is pictured below, where a native is in a canoe in 1897. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 3fac448ea4be3cfcd34a2bad01103c3c
Photo Courtesy: [Native with dugout canoe/Library of Congress]


This native is photographed by the Columbia River with his canoe made out of a hollowed-out tree. Before this photograph, certainly, countless natives and societies utilized the idea of the canoe to move about in the water for pleasure, to obtain food, or to get to other destinations. 



Trucking across the Country 


With transportation upgrades came larger loads to haul. Alexander Winton's 1898 semi-truck is what started this vehicle revolution and commenced an even more complex history to the decade-old gas-powered automobile. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 13c40c6b7286b15040f2572227a51fea
Photo Courtesy: [John Vachon/Wikimedia Commons]


With the automobile being invented 12 years before by Karl Benz, many people realized the possibilities of vehicles and operations they could perform. It is also noted that these transportation methods sped up industrialization, one case being the lumber industry. 



The invention of the Automobile


Pictured below is a photo also taken on the 1st of January in the year 1900. The German inventor of the gas-powered automobile, Karl Benz, is the man standing in the white suit. This mode of transportation revolutionized travel and brought people together all over the globe. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 99c400ad184e579cdaf1efb44e6a42d0
Photo Courtesy: [Karl Benz (1844–1929) mit seiner Familie/Wikimedia Commons]


By utilizing non-renewable resources, Benz was able to bring forth the invention of the automobile 15 years before this photo was taken. From there, modification of this transportation device continued to take hold and change the culture of people. 



Establishing Tracks across the World 


Pictured below is a photo taken on January 1st, 1900 of men working on a railroad located in Alaska. Monopolies are a factor in this mode of transportation and establishing the track for the machines employed thousands of people at the time. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 5a50ec0a6e1f1d3b5a3fa3c67447dda0
Photo Courtesy: [New railroad/Library of Congress]


The year 1830 marked a significant booming period that revolved around the invention of the railroad in the United States and is accredited to numerous people. The theory was developed over time across the world and some rails were previously built at this point. 



Tractors Revolutionize Agriculture 


As society grew, so did the number of mouths to feed in the world. People chose the industrial agriculture path, and Dan Albone's prototype for a transformation in the sector of farming transportation is illustrated below.


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 2fe7abb2cf7f011f0fc3363e4978b231
Photo Courtesy: [North Bedfordshire Gazette/Wikimedia Commons]


This monumental prototype was invented in 1902, and the Ivel Agricultural Motor company was the first to design a successful gasoline-powered tractor. The history and development behind this transportation device caused a crop production boom that was essential for the population to thrive. 



Subways 


By 1904 Manhattan, New York had one of the largest American subway systems. In comparison to this, Boston was the first to develop subway technology in 1897. Below is a painting named “City Hall Subway Station, New York”, which was created in 1906. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 8e75bb604fd761d86081aec3250eb055
Photo Courtesy: [The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art/The New York Public Library Digital Collections]


Subways have a complex history that intertwines with other modes of transportation, and the subway hosted many other inventions besides the car depicted above. At this point in the history of transportation not only had humans invented technology for numerous other locations but with that came along the idea that the underground setting seemed like even more of a push for convenient travel. 



Humans Learn to Fly


From the broad perspective of the transportation timeline, usually, the Wright brothers are given credit for the invention of the airplane. One brother, Orville, died while repairing his doorbell and Wilbur passed from typhoid fever. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. A46e5468a0e3cbca321905a4c7a3d1c4
Photo Courtesy: [Military Service Digital Photographic Files/The U.S. National Archives]


Pictured above is their airplane demonstration which was located in Virginia in 1908. The lack of people witnessing this adventure is due to the disbelief held around the invention as if it could not be possible. During this performance, a lieutenant died yet the event still led to the Army buying their first airplane. 



Constructing Canals


In terms of canals, the most ancient ones were used for irrigation in Mesopotamia (4000 BC), which was around the areas of present-day Iraq and Iran. More recent historical canals include the Panama Canal, which was started in 1881.


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. C87d01fa9df4fcb18d076386c6c3a838
Photo Courtesy: [Wellcome Collection gallery/Wikimedia Commons]


In 1904, the United States took over the canal project. Pictured above is the Panama Canal under construction in 1910. There had been heavy rain, and the soil is difficult to work with when it is saturated, leaving the compacted soil to be alone for the day. The canal took ten years to build. 



Vehicle Makes and Models Shaped the World


For any mode of transportation, the distinct style and variation in the methods are what led to continual development as peoples' individuality shined through. Pictured below is a delivery car by Ford Motor Company in 1910. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. B2fc0f30793dc2c1ef29867ed90b271c
Photo Courtesy: [Library of Congress/Public Domain Archive]


With this in mind, some types of vehicles began to symbolize various human cultures, which affected their actions and perspectives. At first, cars could not go very fast, yet the growth of the invention proved to aid in that aspect. Some of the oldest and most popular car types include the Mercedes and the Oldsmobile. 



Dog Sleds to Conquer the Snow


Pictured below, Italian soldiers from World War I are utilizing dog sleds at the Adamello Glacier. Needing to travel far and having the bonus of furry companions, the soldiers were not the first to invent this method of transportation.  


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. C41ed97546d45d8e597595e91f14ff72
Photo Courtesy: [Italian Army Photographers/Wikimedia Commons]


Around 2000 BC is when the invention is accredited, with a few historians saying possibly older than that. The most popular places to take advantage of this mode of travel include Siberia, Alaska, Canada, and Greenland. 



Hitchhiking 


As asphalt roads and automobiles became a commonality, hitchhiking developed as a mode of transportation as well. Pictured below are a young mother and father attempting to hitch a ride with their newborn alongside them. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. B5fe43d18a4d42412e0a9959536aa3c9
Photo Courtesy: [Dorothea Lange/New York Public Library]


The couple was sitting along U.S. Highway 99 in California in 1935. This juvenile couple came from Winston-Salem, North Carolina to California, where they had a child and worked as laborers in a field setting.



Using Transportation for Education


Even before automobiles and alike items were created, the idea of school buses was in the making. In 1886 the concept was illustrated as a horse-drawn carriage, and from there on out people began making modifications to improve efficiency. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. D8a6d3fd660a66247a23bda500a7d658
Photo Courtesy: [Darron Birgenheier/Wikimedia Commons]


Pictured above is an older evolution of the school bus, showing the dedication of society to educating the inhabitants of Earth. As the population grew, students were branching out and needed a way to get to the schoolhouse. 



Airships


Fascination with the sky is a natural human tendency. Henri Giffard created the first powered airship in 1852, and the first Zeppelin was invented in the year 1900. Pictured below is the Hindenburg disaster which was the 129th Zeppelin in 1937, located in New Jersey.  


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 0a24b29b37115b38cf84991baaaedcf5
Photo Courtesy: [Gus Pasquerella/Wikimedia Commons]


This technology is achieved by using a gas that is less dense than air. People can enjoy the airship or blimp for 24 hours without needing to refuel. The evolution of creating such massive pieces of technology certainly comes with its pros and cons. 



Bathyscaphes Reaching the Unknown 


Bathyscaphes came about in 1953, and Auguste Piccard is given credit for the invention. Similar to the submarine, this transportation mode was developed even further by the Navy after the idea was pitched and inventors proved they could go down deep into the ocean. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 8058f40714c8cc21d9acaae1469224c7
Photo Courtesy: [Naval History and Heritage Command/Wikimedia Commons]


The inventor of this massive device was a Switzerland expert on buoyancy. Auguste is also known for other contributions to the timeline of transportation. Bathyscaphes are self-propelled and can travel deeper into the ocean than submarines. 



The Gondola Ski Lift 


Gondolas are a part of the ski lift evolution in regard to transportation. In 1957, ski lifts were invented to make the activity of skiing easier and more efficient for travelers. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 8dfaf4f21f0e02d568a1954c5a8e1d45
Photo Courtesy: [Larry Warren/Park City Historical Society & Museum Park]


Depicted above is an illustration of a Gondola ski lift for that time period. This invention led to many other forms of the ski lift until it developed into the safest form for skiers and travelers. 



Maglevs


A Maglev is a form of train that utilizes magnetic levitation to transport people. This technology was developed in the 1960s by James Powell and Gordon Danby. Pictured below is a test model for the transportation method. 


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 6ea6eb5b817317966c651ee34dada5f3
Photo Courtesy: [Andrej Galenko/Wikimedia Commons]


Once this model was established, scientists around the world took decades to formulate the inner workings of this device. Afterward, the transportation mode spread like wildfire until the next evolution. 



Zipping through the Sky 


In the 1970s, scientists began reaching out even more to untouched natural resources to study the Earth, especially the biology of organisms. The need to travel through the rainforest, in particular, led to the creation of zip lining.


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. 13b4b4771cde80ccd788fe5700722c0e
Photo Courtesy: [Steven Depolo/Wikimedia Commons]


Pictured above is a person zip lining through the rainforest of Costa Rica. In about half a century, this method of transportation turned into a widespread leisure activity along with utilizing it for studying sciences. 



Transportation Continues to Evolve 


Between 1915 and 1920, more road signs were created and transportation technology became even better at finding out how to navigate to a society's desired destination. Throughout much of the historical transportation timeline, people were unaware of how they were going to connect and discover the world, yet dedication and education led them down a path that allowed for long-distance travel.  


INFORMATION VINE * The History of Transportation*. Ef1dd744a53626b7516875f07b5143ea
Photo Courtesy: [David Perez/Wikimedia Commons]


Methods of transportation continuously grow as humans go down various routes of discovery for leisure and travel. With that, the evolution of these devices to get to a location has soared throughout the past few millennia and will continue to do so. 
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